The Czech daily Mladá fronta Dnes has reported that the Greens’ deputy chairwoman Dana Kuchtová will challenge the party’s leader Martin Bursík for the Greens’ leadership. The Greens are to hold an extraordinary party conference in September, ahead of regional elections, with Mr Bursík aiming to unite the party on a number of key issues. Mrs Kuchtová has not officially announced her decision yet. Sources say that she could have the backing of a number of regions if she runs. Dana Kuchtová, the former education minister, has been at odds with party leader Martin Bursík for some time; on Thursday he specified unhappiness over her staying on as deputy chair, a matter he wanted to see resolved in September.
Czech Ambassador to NATO Stefan Fuele told reporters after visiting the Missile Defense Integration and Operations Center (MDIOC) at the Schriever air force base, Colorado Springs, on Thursday that it is likely the Czech Republic will have its own representative at the site in connection with a planned US radar base on Czech soil. Mr Fuele visited the site along with Czech Defence Minister Vlasta Parkánová and the army chief-of-staff Vlastimil Picek. The US centre is to assess information on the radar base to be built roughly 70 kilometres southwest of the Czech capital. The centre's employees are said to be testing model simulations of the missile defence system; Mr Fuele made clear it was in Czech interest to have a representative on site. The US radar base in the Czech Republic is aimed to complement a missile base in Poland as part of the US defence shield.
It has been revealed that Polish President Lech Kaczyinski will pay a working visit to Prague next week. The details of the visit are not yet known, but the Polish head-of-state is likely to meet with Czech President Václav Klaus in Lány to discuss a number of key issues, including the future of the European Union and the stalled Lisbon Treaty. After meeting with French President Nicholas Sarkozy recently, there are indications Mr Kaczyinski may try to persuade the Czech president to change his stance towards EU reform. Václav Klaus has repeatedly expressed a negative position on the Lisbon Treaty, especially after its rejection by Irish voters in a recent referendum. The treaty is aimed at reforming the functioning of the 27-member union. The Czech Republic will take up the EU’s rotating six-month presidency on January 1.
In related news, the foreign ministry said on Friday that the Czech government will ask parliament to vote on the Lisbon Treaty following regional elections in October. The treaty must be approved by all EU member states to take effect. Following the Irish referendum, ratification in the Czech Republic has been questioned. Friday’s Právo quotes Foreign Minister Karel Schwarzenberg as saying he and Prime Minister Topolánek and the Minister for EU Affairs Alexandr Vondra had agreed to submit the treaty to the vote soon after the fall elections, set for October 17-18. Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Zuzana Opletalová confirmed the agreement but specified the vote could take place closer towards the end of the year. The Czech Republic’s parliament had launched ratification moves earlier but the process stalled in April when the Senate referred the treaty to the country's top court, to rule whether or not the document is in line with the constitution.
A proposal to open the path for direct presidential elections, submitted by independent senator Jan Horník, has passed in a first reading in the upper house. All but two senators present voted for Mr Horník's proposal. The issue will further be debated by senate committees in the autumn. The government bill on direct presidential elections is being worked out at the initiative of the Greens but so far the three coalition parties are not united in proposed changes. While the Christian Democrats want to preserve current presidential powers, the Civic Democrats are said to be in favour of extending them. Public surveys have repeatedly suggested that many among the public are in favour of changing the system. Currently, the country’s president is elected in a special joint session of both houses of parliament.
The government’s overhaul of the country’s public services took another step forward on Thursday, when the Senate approved key pension and health insurance reforms. The pension bill will raise the age of retirement to 65 years for men and women by 2030, from around 62 and 59 now. It will also extend the minimum required working period to 35 years, from 25. The health insurance bill is aimed at cutting one of Europe’s highest absentee rates by drastically cutting sick pay for the first three days of illness.
A verdict fro earlier this year acquitting former government official Zdeněk Doležal of attempted fraud in connection with the sale of the Unipetrol petrochemical company, has been annulled by the Prague high court. An official made the announcement on Friday. The decision means the municipal court will have to again deal with the case. Mr Doležal was suspected of asking for a 5-million-crown bribe from a Polish lobbyist in 2005 in connection with Unipetrol’s privatisation. Several of their meetings were recorded by a hidden TV camera. The earlier acquittal was based on the grounds that money was never actually mentioned in the recordings and that the TV material was poor quality and had been edited. Mr Doležal was thought to have used coded language to ask for the bribe, asking for “five on the table” – a possible veiled reference to 5 million crowns.
The surging Czech crown set a new record of 22.999 crowns to the euro on Friday as the currency continued to be sought as a refuge from weakening equities, also reaching a new record of 14.50 crowns to the US dollar, due to the same type of speculative buying an analyst for Patria Finance told AFP. According to sources, the crown could stabilise at around the 23 crowns to the euro. Czech exporters have warned that the continuing rise of the crown will undermine the economy's still solid growth but recent trade figures have suggested that sales abroad are still bearing up.
A deal on the conditions under which US military personnel would operate
at a planned radar base in the Czech Republic should be agreed in the
autumn, Czech Defence Minister Vlasta Parkanová told reporters during a
visit to Washington. She said the main outstanding issue in talks on a
‘status of forces agreement’ was taxation. There had been speculation
treaty would be signed during the minister’s current visit to the US.
American Secretary of Defence Robert Gates told his Czech counterpart that
his country would go ahead with plans for a global missile defence shield
regardless of who won the upcoming US presidential election.
Last week the US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and her Czech counterpart Karel Schwarzenberg signed a treaty in Prague on building a US radar base in central Bohemia. The deal has yet to be approved by the Czech Parliament.
US Navy ships in the Mediterranean Sea will provide ballistic missile defence to the Czech Republic as part of the radar deal, the Washington Post reported on Wednesday, quoting American officials.
The Czech Republic has opened an embassy in Kosovo, becoming the seventh state to do so. On Wednesday, Deputy Foreign Minister Tomáš Pojar attended the opening, saying that the embassy’s establishment showed how seriously the Czech Republic took its commitment to Kosovo. The head of the Czech Embassy in Pristina will be Jana Hřebíčková, who has been in the former Serbian province for several months already. The Czech Republic formally recognised Kosovo’s independence in May this year. At the end of May, Belgrade recalled its ambassador from the Czech Republic in protest against the move.