The Situation of the Roma, 1989 - 1992
After November 1989, Romani organizations and associations could also begin to arise, which they hadn't been able to do before, except during a short period from 1969 to 1973, when the Federation of Gypsies-Roma was in operation. In the first free elections, the first Romani political party, the Romani Civic Initiative, stood candidates for the Parliament of the Czechoslovak Federation, and 11 Romani representatives were sent overall by various political parties.
After the next elections in 1992, the Roma in Parliament dwindled to a single deputy, who was sent by the Left Block. By the beginning of 1994, the Ministry of the Interior had registered over 30 Romani civic associations, two political parties, and one political movement. Most influential of these are the Democratic Federation of Roma, the Romani Civic Initiative, and the Civic Association for Romani Culture and Press.
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